Periodontal Disease and Diabetes

In short, periodontal disease is an infection of the gum and bone that hold the teeth in place. Depending on the severity of the disease, this can lead to painful chewing problems and even tooth loss.

Having diabetes can harm crucial body parts such as the eyes, nerves, heart and kidneys. But, it can also damage your mouth with various diseases. In addition to having trouble with important bodily functions, people with diabetes are at a greater risk of obtaining periodontal diseases. Like any infection, gum disease can also make it extremely hard for someone with diabetes to keep their blood sugar levels under control.

The link between periodontal disease and diabetes

There is a distinct link between diabetes and periodontal disease. For one, diabetic control is placed within the center of the two. Like other complications that come with having diabetes, the possibility for gum disease is heightened. People who have poor sugar control are more prone to getting this disease and can lead to losing additional teeth.

Periodontitis infections

Periodontitis is an infection of the tissues that hold the teeth in place. In this disease, plaque builds and hardens under the gums. This infection can lead to the loss of bone that holds the tooth in its socket and can lead to tooth loss. When someone has diabetes, this infection can be especially deadly as your tissues are weakened due to lack of proper blood circulation.

Controlling blood sugar

Studies have shown that controlling blood sugar levels can lower complications that come with diabetes. For someone who has diabetes, their blood vessels tend to be thicker. This slows the flow of nutrients and the removal of harmful wastes. As a result, this can weaken the resistance of gum and bone tissue to infection.

If blood is not properly functioning, tissues near the mouth are more prone to catch diseases and build plaque in the process. Since bacteria thrive on sugar and glucose, if blood sugar levels are poorly controlled, fluids in the mouth can help germs harvest and populate. This can turn into a serious issue, such as gum disease, if not taken care of.

Smoking

If you are smoking, you are putting your oral tissues at even more risk than simply having diabetes. Since smoking also increases someone’s chances of developing gum disease, try to refrain from doing so at all costs. Smokers with diabetes are five times more likely to develop periodontal disease.

Treatment

Periodontal disease can be treated based on the severity of the disease. For example, plaque removal is possible in the early stages with deep cleaning techniques. This is to remove hardened plaque and any infected tissues under the gum. Deep cleaning is only successful if the patient also practices proper oral hygiene.

In certain dire situations, surgery is also available when the tissues are nearly destroyed. Try to avoid diabetes at all costs as it can increase your chances of catching a periodontal disease. Talk to a dental professional for information on how to prevent or treat these issues.

Get more periodontal disease information at https://www.professionaldentalcare.net.

Check out what others are saying about our dental services on Yelp: Periodontics.

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